(TO BE SENT BY E-MAIL TO THE TEACHER BY WEEK 7, BEFORE THE MID-TERM)

Send your answers to the following to joel.finley@elv.ulaval.ca. Please do NOT send attached documents.

Research the vocabulary : "Chicken-hips", p.195; "Pulling together", p.246; "Song of my condo", p.274.

 

thing / doer

abstract noun

verb

adjective

adverb

document

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

body

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aware

 

 

 

 

 

 

approve

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

impress

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pronounce

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

flatter

 

 

 

 

 

 

stress

 

 

 

 

 

 

heart

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

seem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deny

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

admire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

benefit

 

 

 

 

 

 

dread

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

love

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bewildered

 

 

 

 

dismay

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

belong

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

intend

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

succeed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deserve

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bereft

 

 

 

 

 

 

decide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

purchase

 

 

 

 

 

Find the missing particle to complete the two-part verbs (e.g., to discuss = to talk about) and invent an example sentence for each containing a time expression with since, once, while, during, for a while, in a few days, three times, etc. etc. Do not use the same time expression twice.

 

TO DESPERATELY DESIRE

TO BE INFERIOR TO

(FOR A SUPPLY) TO BE EXHAUSTED

TO GAIN WEIGHT

TO COOPERATE

TO BE MUTUALLY BINDING

TO CONTRIBUTE ONE'S TIME AND EFFORT

TO BE RAISED (IN A PLACE)

TO LIVE AND EXPERIENCE

TO WORRY INTENSELY ABOUT SOMETHING

TO LONG…

TO FALL…

TO RUN…

TO FATTEN…

TO PULL…

(FOR SOMETHING TO) GO…

TO PITCH…

TO BE BROUGHT…

TO GO…

TO AGONIZE…

 

 

(FOR SIXTH WEEK) CONJUGATE APPROPRIATELY. *="MORE THAN ONE POSSIBILITY"

My darling little Olga,

Just after I *(RECEIVE)_______________ your silly little letter, about two weeks ago, I (HAVE)_______________ a little "incident" with my room-mate. Since then, I (BE)_______________ a little busy and I (NOT, HAVE)_______________ the time to write back. Room-mates (BE) ____________ so much trouble, sometimes. Anyway, in the past two weeks, I (HAVE)_______________ four tests, and I *(HAVE) _______________ another one tomorrow. In addition, a "friend" of mine (STAY) _______________ with me (PREP.)_______ the past two or three months. I think that in general, you could say that she (BE) _______________ a very demanding person. She certainly (BE) _______________ a disgusting little twit (PREP.)_________ she has been here. I (GET)_______________ pretty fed up!

For example, even though I (WORK) _______________ this summer and I (SPEND) _______________ the whole day feeding and cleaning the &@*ÿ!! animals, she *(INSIST)_______________ that I take her absolutely everywhere in town. So far, we (GO)_______________ to the botanical gardens, the rodeo, the planetarium, the slaughterhouse, the Nova Scotia Tower, the Museum of Dead Cultures, and at least a dozen taverns. We (STILL, NOT, FIND)_______________ a tavern or restaurant that serves the kind of root-beer she likes. Every day, she makes me take her to some damn thing or another. Yesterday we (WATCH) _______________ a wrestling match in the park, and she (REFUSE) _______________ to leave until the winner (BE DECLARED)_____________. It was a big fat guy in red pajamas and a black mask. What a waste of time! Between (SHOW) _______________ her the city and (STUDY) _______________ for my $?&!!ÿ exams, recently I (HAVE) _______________ almost no time for anything else.

Right now, I (HEAR) _______________ her blowing her nose in the bathroom. I can tell that she *(FUTURE: BE)_______________ in there for a pretty long time, so I (FUTURE: TRY)_______________ to finish this letter tonight. It is 3:00 a.m., and I (SIT)_______________ at my desk. I usually can't sleep when someone in the bathroom (MAKE) _______________, well, you know, "certain noises". I think I (FUTURE: TIE HER UP) _______________ and put her in a taxi, and send her to St-Lambert. Or maybe I (FUTURE: TELL) _______________ the driver to take her to the bus station and leave her there!

Well, I guess that I (TALK)___________________ enough about all my problems. What about yours? (YOU, STILL, HAVE)___________________ that ugly boy-friend who (TALK)____________________ with his mouth full? (YOU, FEEL BETTER) __________________ (PREP.)_______ the doctor (GIVE) _______________ you Prozac? (YOUR DOG, DIE) __________________ yet? She was pretty sick, wasn't she? She (JUST, CELEBRATE) __________________ her twelfth birthday the last time I (SEE) __________________ her. Thank heavens that in my whole life, I (NEVER, HAVE) __________________ dogs- it would make me too sad to have a dying dog. How many dogs (YOU, HAVE) ____________________, in all? You told me once how many (YOU, HAVE) ____________________ before you (GET) __________________ this one, but I can't remember. I hope you aren't feeling too depressed about your poor old dog. Lately, I (FEEL) _______________ kind of "down" too, so I know what it's like.

I'm looking forward to (HEAR) ____________ from you soon, Love, Ludmilla

CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORD-ORDER AND PREPOSITIONS, ("DATIVE-SHIFT"), CONJUGATION ("COMPLETE/INCOMPLETE ASPECT"), AND VERBAL COMPLEMENT (GERUNDIVE OR INFINITIVAL) :

Ever since I (be) __________ a small child, I (have)__________ difficulty (concentrate) __________ when adults are __________ (talk). It (not, seem)__________ very important then, but now and then it (cause) __________ some irritation among my family, friends, and early colleagues. My first job (be)__________ in a hotel, (clean)__________ up the drunks (come)__________ out of parties and conventions and (put)__________ them in taxis. If a drunk (refuse, cooperate)__________, I (to be supposed to, use)__________ a lot of tact. Once a drunk that I was (forcibly, take)__________ outside (try, say)__________ something to which I (not, pay attention)__________. I just (answer)__________ that I (simply, want, walk, door, third person pronoun)____________________. I (become)__________ irritated, because he ("continuous attempt", try, escape) ____________________ from my grasp. Only when he (go)__________ I (began, realize)__________ that I (know)__________ this idiot from somewhere. I also (remember, describe)____________________ him to the manager. That (be)__________ when he (walk, door, first person pronoun)____________________. The drunk was Eddy "The Capo" Pastafizoola, the mayor!

My next job (be)__________ in another town, in construction. I (have to, spray, paint, walls) ____________________ while the boys (picket)__________ and (burn)__________ tires. When the army finally (come)__________, I (not listen) __________ when the strikers (tell)__________ me (hide)__________ my paint-gun and (try, look)__________ innocent. I will never (forget, beg) ____________________ the judge (deport)__________ me to some warm, quiet place with a lot of sun; however I (not, remember)__________ what he (answer)__________. When I (get off) __________ the plane at Beyrouth International, I (stop, believe) __________ that it (pay, have)__________ a sense of humour.

Then, when I (grow up)__________, I (decide, try, join)____________________ the Army, because I (think)__________ I (like, see)____________________ the whole country. I probably (make)__________ this decision because I (forget)__________ that my big problem is (forget, pay attention)____________________ to adults. I only (realize)__________ later that most sergeants are adults, and that they (expect)__________ the soldiers (pay close attention)____________________. I don't understand (third person pronoun, always, insist on) ____________________ this point, and they certainly (seem, unable, understand) ____________________ my peculiar handicap.

When at last I (release)__________ from military prison, the hard labour (cause, first person pronoun, lose) ____________________ almost fifteen kilos. Even my tattoos (shrink) __________ so much that you (need)__________ a magnifying glass (read)__________ them. At that time, I (believe) __________ that the solution (be, get married) ____________________ quickly. This (be)__________ the only smart move I (ever, make)__________. After all, as I (say)__________, I can't stand (listen)__________ to adults.

 

(FOR FIFTH WEEK) A. SUPPLY THE SIMPLE PAST AND PAST PARTICIPIAL FORMS:

become swear fly stink

blow wear steal wear

dig write quit swim

drive forgive rise teach

fall lend slide sneak

feel fight draw grasp

mean stick beseech seek

B. FILL IN THE CHART.

 

CONCRETE

ABSTRACT NOUN

VERB

ADJECTIVE

ADVERB

Effect

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gratefully

 

 

 

 

produce

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

employ

 

 

 

 

Skill

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benefit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

excellent

 

 

 

 

 

 

value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

make up

 

 

 

 

Diagnosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sick

 

 

Supposition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nausea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

entertain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

public

 

 

 

 

 

 

specify

 

 

 

 

Cynic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

similar

 

 

 

 

 

 

conclude

 

 

 

 

Thought

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C. GIVE EXAMPLES

FROM THE FOLLOWING ROOTS:

FROM THE FOLLOWING ENDINGS:

[-able-] (give an adverb)

[-mit-] (give an abstract noun)

[-rupt-] (give a negative adjective)

[audi-] (give a collective noun)

[-ant]

[-hood]

[-ious]

[-ively]

 

D. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING ANALOGIES:

ped- : pod- :: hemi- :________

quadriped : biped :: quadriplegic : ________

soft : soften :: liquid : ________

solid: solidify :: hard : ________

E. IDENTIFY THE PART OF SPEECH FOR THE UNDERLINED WORDS:

"If you want to be an artist or a musician, but you have some misgivings about selling your soul to the public or doing something that you find crass in order to survive, you should consider a different career. Singing, for example, is definitely a field for people who want to make commercial, rather than artistic history. Many talented singers succeed only thanks to the kindly intervention of wealthy and powerful friends. In my case, I became a singer thanks to an elderly voice teacher who kindly offered me the use of his studio."

F. NAME THE PART OF SPEECH FOR THE FOLLOWING: enlighten; kindly; womanly; obnoxious; similarity

 

G. DERIVE THE CAPITALIZED WORDS APPROPRIATELY USING [-ed], [-edly], [-ing], [-ingly]:

Mont St-Casse-Tête is SUPPOSE the most EXCITE skiing center in the area. Perhaps we should check and see. It is said to have more THRILL rides and hills than anywhere else. According to my friends who went there last week, the tickets to ski for a whole day are SURPRISE cheap. For the tourist who is fed up with all the extra hidden costs that appear EXPECT when he, she, or it takes the family to other recreational centers, Mont St-Casse-Tête might turn out to be a fair deal.

H. UNDERLINE THE WORDS a) THAT ARE NEGATIVE DERIVATIONS, AND

b) THAT HAVE A CORRESPONDING POSITIVE FORM:

amoral; decertify; demented; demoralize; deregulate; disappointing; disarmingly; disentangle; ill-bred; indignant; innocent; irate; misdirect; mismanagement; unexpectedly

 

I. DERIVE THE NEGATIVE COUNTERPART(S) FOR THE FOLLOWING: American, informed, inhibiting, literate

J. CIRCLE A VERB FROM THE FIRST LIST, THEN CIRCLE THE APPROPRIATE ADVERB FROM THE SECOND:

i) The teacher GAZED, GLARED, GLOATED // FEEBLY, FIERCELY, FONDLY, FRANTICALLY, FURIOUSLY at the students who were playing poker in class.

ii) The nervous secretary knew that he really shouldn't touch anything on his supervisor's desk, but an important client had shown up at the office unexpectedly, and he insisted on being given a copy of his file. The secretary had no idea where it was. He GLANCED AT, GLIMPSED, GROPED THROUGH the papers AWKWARDLY, HASTILY, DEXTERIOUSLY.

iii) The street vagabond GLOWERED AT, GREETED, GRINNED AT, the obese tourist GRAVELY, GRIMLY, GRISLY, SNIDELY. The tourist was momentarily confused. Then the vagabond approached the tourist, and GLUMLY, SNEAKILY, SUDDENLY he ENSNARED, GRABBED, SNATCHED, SNOOPED the tourist's camcorder and ran like greased lightning!

DERIVE THE CAPITALIZED WORDS APPROPRIATELY:

"My great-uncle Leopold works for various obscure charities, quietly participating in and contributing to IMPROVE conditions all over the world. He is known for his completely INTEREST involvement in agrarian reform projects in South America and South-East Asia, to which he is constantly sending money. He is currently in East Zemestan, where he has helped found a school for children with specific ABLE .

Leopold never mentions his illustrious family tree, nor his education, both of which are quite IMPRESS . He is anything but a brilliant conversationalist, and his manners are remarkably PRETEND , in spite of his great wealth and sophisticated background. In fact, people who do not know about his true life's work find him rather INTEREST . Little do they realize that he has a SAINT love for his fellow-creatures, and that he labors DEVOTE day and night, sending food to the poor, comfort to the sick, and gifts to the DEPRIVE . When donations to one of his charitable organizations are DISAPPOINT low, he never moralizes at anyone, but simply makes up for the short-fall with his own money, or quietly arranges to obtain it from others like himself. When he approaches a person to solicit a donation, he is never aggressive. He simply waits for a "yes" or a "no", without applying any pressure, and if it is "no", he makes sure the person does not feel bad. Likewise, when people answer his requests COMMIT because they feel too guilty to say "no" outright, he is very gentle.

MORE ANALOGIES OF MEANING AND FORM:

attention : attentive :: caution : ______

guilt : guilty :: panic : ______

sad : sadness :: civil : ______

humid : humidity :: damp : damp______

safe : safety :: kind : ______

scary : afraid :: distress___ : distress___

frightened : scary :: upset : ______

try : trial :: withdraw : ______

certain : uncertainty :: adequate : ______

sensitive : insensitivity :: hope : ______

to listen placidly : to respond indignantly :: to err innocently : to commit a crime ______

to set up : to upset :: ______ : to lower

to make sthg. : to make sthg. one’s own :: to carry sthg.: to carry sthg.______

sweep the floor : sweeping reform :: start the car : ______

stop to smoke : stop smoking :: ______ : to quit

workforce : workload : final outcome : emotional ______

well-being : prosperity :: undertaking : ______

approximate : accurate :: estimate : ______

delay : procrastinate :: provoke : ______

feminine : femininity :: _______ : manhood

lungs : breathe :: ________ : ________

breath : lungs :: ________ : ________

 

DERIVE THE WORDS APPROPRIATELY:

The first burglar motioned to his partner, who stopped and held perfectly still. They then had a brief exchange in sign language to determine which window they would use; the first proposed the left one, with which the second silently ____CUR____. After ____ABL____ the alarm system, they quietly slipped inside. As their eyes adjusted to the dark, they both held perfectly still. Theirs was the sort of performance that is best put on with no ____AUD____. Then they began to look at the various museum displays. They examined the Picassos and several other canvasses ____APPRECIAT____ . These, however, were not the treasures the intruders coveted.

While many a criminal owed his ____LIV____ to his prowess at stealing and selling such secondary works of art as Renoir’s "Bloating Party" or Van Gogh’s "Shelf-Portrait", our burglars were less interested in money than in the bizarre challenge of theft for its own sake. They derived pleasure and ____FIL____ from taking things no one else would dare take, and then returning them, just to humiliate the security guards. They loved to imagine how the guards’ eyes would widen with incredulity and their mouths drop open in ____BELIEF____ when they saw what had happened. Their illegal activities were not entirely without a sense of honour and ____MIT____ to the art world. Once, for example, a priceless celluloid bust of A.G. Bell disappeared without a trace from the Boston Gallery of Phone Arts. The insurance agents had already made their reports and a new exhibit was being prepared to replace the stolen sculpture, when it ____EXPECT____ reappeared one day on the curator’s desk, with a lovely greeting card inscribed, "Have a nice day"! That was the work of our mysterious pair.

Now our mischief-loving art-thieves were cautiously approaching the special exhibit in the world-famous, impregnable Pink Panther Pavilion. The first thief stopped in his tracks, and gestured ____APPOINT____ at the sign on the door: "EXHIBIT CANCELLED FOR RENOVATIONS".

(FOR FOURTH WEEK -HAND IN THIS SHEET WITH THE CASSETTE)

The following vocabulary is taken from "The Act of Writing". Read the texts, looking out for the new words. Then use the cassette to record the vocabulary items listed here. Separate the words well. Do not put a "question mark" into your voice when you are reading. You may perform your recording at home or in Lab 3. Remember to record on Side A ONLY!

"Putnok", p.31; "Trenches", p.119; "Killing my son", p.342

thing or "doer"

abstract noun

Verb

adjective

adverb

cheer-leader

cheer

cheeriness

cheerfulness

cheerlessness

cheer

cheery

cheerful

cheerless

cheerily

cheerfully

cheerlessly

victor

victory

vanquish

victorious

victoriously

arguer

argument

argue

argumentative

argumentatively

economist

economics

economising

economy

economise

economic

economical

economically

revealer

revelation

reveal

revelatory

(un)revealed

revealing

revealingly

 

 

outrage

outrage

outraged

outrageous

outrageously

 

 

isolation

isolate

solitary

 

 

persecutor

persecution

persecute

persecuted

 

 

brave

bravour

bravery

brave

brave

bravely

 

 

condemnation

condemn

condemned

condemning

condemningly

 

 

explanation

explain

(un)explained

explanatory

 

 

threat

threat

threaten

threatened

(un)threatening

(un)threateningly

 

 

gratitude

gratefulness

congratulate

gratify

grateful

gratefully

 

 

intricacy

 

 

intricate

intricately

 

(FOR THE FOURTH WEEK- HAND IN THIS SHEET WITH THE CASSETTE)

Read the following text to yourself. I will give you something to do with it in another week or two.

Monty the Mountaineer was recruited by rebellious tribesmen in 1919, shortly before the Kingdom of South-west Energumenia slipped from the incapable hands of its megalomaniacal monarch. A shy, harmless, pale-faced, undemonstrative boy who still had dreams about Cinderella, he already suffered from battle-fatigue from living with his elder brother’s maliciously manipulative mother-in-law. At last, too terrified to rebel (against the cantankerous matriarch, that is), he fled to the mountainous rebel-held territories of North-east Franistan. Besides, he knew that he had been overheard complimenting the local tax-collector’s favourite milk-maid (a statuesque Franistani suffragette with a birth-mark on her forehead). Monty had to slip out of town without the benefit of parental guidance. The rebel terrorist commander mysteriously and arbitrarily designated Monty for an experimental sabotage operation.

Now read and record the next part of the story, pronouncing everything the way you ordinarily would -don't think about anything but the story.

Monty hesitated, and his cognitive and analytical abilities froze temporarily (his great-grand-children say that he had periods of remarkable lucidity). His entire cerebrum was turned inside-out! The rebel leader watched unsympathetically as Monty’s mouth opened and shut in wordless desperation (actually, he may have been chewing on his last piece of Franistani "fougace", a good-bye present from his gypsy-eyed, far-sighted girl-friend, who was determined to fatten him up). "Wake up when I’m talking to you, you fougace-eating, Franistani-loving fool!" Monty’s new superior thundered furiously. "I was going to put you on look-out duty, but now you’ve given me another idea. I hereby appoint you honorary emissary. Put on this three-piece suit: you will be unrecognizably bourgeois. Your ambassadorial appointment is effective immediately. The first mission of your career is to present this bouquet of skunk-cabbage to the enemy camp. There is a stink-bomb concealed inside. Now, you just hide right here in the foliage until I give the signal. Look out for this flag." Monty recognized it from an anti-Franistan slogan-chanting festival that he had attended before befriending that Franistani milk-maid.

NOW- read and record it again. This time, research all of the vocabulary for the position of the main accent. Then, read from the suggested version below. METHOD: Boldfaced syllables take lexical stress (accent); a bold-faced and underlined syllable takes slightly more stress than the previous bold-faced syllable (even if that syllable is itself in bold-face and underlined).

Monty hesitated, and his cognitive and analytical abilities froze temporarily (his great-grand-children say that he had periods of remarkable lucidity). His entire cerebrum was turned inside-out! The rebel leader watched unsympathetically as Monty’s mouth opened and shut in wordless desperation (actually, he may have been chewing on his last piece of Franistani "fougace", a good-bye present from his gypsy-eyed, far-sighted girl-friend, who was determined to fatten him up). "Wake up when I’m talking to you, you fougace-eating, Franistani-loving fool!" Monty’s new superior thundered furiously. "I was going to put you on look-out duty, but now you’ve given me another idea. I hereby appoint you honorary emissary. Put on this three-piece suit: you will be unrecognizably bourgeois. Your ambassadorial appointment is effective immediately. The first mission of your career is to present this bouquet of skunk-cabbage to the enemy camp. There is a stink-bomb concealed inside. Now, you just hide right here in the foliage until I give the signal. Look out for this flag." Monty recognized it from an anti-Franistan slogan-chanting festival that he had attended before befriending that Franistani milk-maid.

[TENSEASPECT.EX]

(FOR WEEK FOUR - please hand in at the beginning of class)

FIRST: "I do" vs. "I have done"

A) Every day, I (DO)________ my housework, and then I (DO)________ my homework. Ever since my childhood, I (ALWAYS, DO)________ things this way. I (GUESS) ________ I will never change, unless, of course, I (FINISH)________ my studies some day!

B) When I (WORK ON)____________ my thesis, I usually (USE) ___________ my Macintosh. After I (WRITE)____________ (PREP.) _______ about fifteen minutes, I (SAVE)____________ what I (DO) ____________ so that I (NOT, LOSE)____________ my text. Then, I (CONTINUE)_____________ to work on the text until I (SATISFY) ____________ my damn teacher's requirements. After I (DO) ______________ all of that, I (REVIEW)______________ my masterpiece to see if I (LIKE)_____________ what I (ACCOMPLISH)________________. My advice to any student who (USE)____________ a word-processor to do homework is to "save" the document every fifteen minutes. When you (ACQUIRE) _____________ this good habit, you will be sure not to lose hours of precious work because of a stupid &*@!! black-out! Black-outs always (COME)____________ like a thief in the night!

C) Every evening, I (WATCH)______________ the sky and (TRY) _____________ to count the stars. I (DO)____________ this regularly (PREP.)__________ last summer. Unfortunately, the stars (CHANGE)_________________ places every night, and I (ALWAYS, LOSE) _____________ count. In fact, they (CONSTANTLY, MOVE)_____________. Tonight, for instance, I (COUNT) _____________ at least 1,500 stars, but the western quadrant (ALREADY, DISAPPEAR)________________, and I (NOT, CAN)_____________ be sure how many there really are!

 

SECOND: "I do" vs. "I am doing vs. "I have been doing"

A) Right now, I (COMPOSE)____________ an exercise on conjugations for my students. I (WRITE)____________ this exercise (PREP.)________ at least thirty minutes. My friend Dr. Kim (READ)____________ over my shoulder while I (WRITE)_____________, and he (POINT OUT) ____________ the spelling mistakes and other foolish errors that I (ALWAYS, MAKE)______________ late at night. Of course, I (THANK) _____________ him from the bottom of my heart, because my students (NEVER, MISS) ______________ these little details! He (SIT) _____________ quietly next to me (PREP.)_________ we had supper. I think that he (GET, FED UP)______________. Maybe he (WANT) _____________ to go to the bathroom. I don't really think so, though, because he (GO) ______________ at least three times (PREP.)_____________ we finished eating. We (PATIENTLY, EXPERIMENT) ________________________ with all kinds of grammatical constructions (PREP.)______ this afternoon, and we (STILL, ATTEMPT)____________ to create an interesting and moderately difficult exercise for my class. Dr. Kim is a linguist who (STUDY)____________ language problems unceasingly, even in his sleep. I (BELIEVE) ____________ that must be a very strange life! This month, he (STUDY) ________________ the "BE + -ING" form. Fascinating, isn't it? He first became interested in this phenomenon when he heard an English student say, "Normally, I (GO)_____________ to university by car, but this morning, my dumb car broke down, so this afternoon I (GO)____________ to university by bus." The next week, poor Dr. Kim heard the same person say, "I (GO) ______________ to university by bus (PREP.)_______ my dumb car broke down, because I (STILL, NOT, FIX) _________________ it." I (NOTICE) __________________ several times that Dr. Kim (GET EASILY UPSET) ___________________ by bizarre grammatical problems like this. As a matter of fact, I think he (GET UPSET)______________ right now about this text! He (SPEND) _________________ the rest of the evening with us, but he has picked up his books and all his toys, and he looks like he (GO)_________________.

 

THIRD: "I did" vs. "I have done"

A) When I ponder all of the terrible things that I (DO) ____________ in my life in general, as well as the things I (DO) ____________ in my youth in particular, I wonder what the victims of my pranks (BECOME) ____________. Are they happy? (THEY, FORGIVE) ___________ me yet? One thing is certain: I (STILL, NOT, FORGET) ____________.

B) What (YOU, ACCOMPLISH) ___________ today? This morning, (YOU, WAKE UP) ____________ on time? (YOU, CUT YOURSELF) ____________ shaving? (YOU, START) ____________ your work-day at a reasonable hour? (YOU, DO) _____________ your housework yet? (YOU, FINISH) ____________ writing that letter that you (PROMISE) ____________ to send to your poor old mother? (YOU, HAVE) ____________ enough of this exercise yet??!

 

FOURTH: "I did" vs. "I had done"

Last night, when I (FINISH) ____________ my homework, it (BE) ____________ about midnight, and I (WORK) _____________ for three hours and (COMPLETE) ____________ two different assignments. When I (GO) ____________ to the bathroom to throw water in my face, I (REMEMBER) ____________ that I had another assignment to complete for this morning. I (SAT) ____________ in my chair for a moment and (THINK) ____________ angrily about this blasted &ÿ@!! assignment that I (FORGET) ____________. After I (MEDITATE) ____________ on my own stupidity for a moment or two, I (MAKE) ____________ my mind and (START) ____________ the assignment. What could I do? My teacher is a dangerous sadist.

 

FIFTH: "I have done" vs. "I have been doing"

I (WASH) ____________ the dishes for my room-mate for too long. He is a wretched slob. This week, for example, I (HAVE TO) ____________ clean up his hair from the sink and the bathroom floor at least four times, and I (BE FORCED) ____________ to remove his garbage from the house because of the smell. Lately, I (HAVE) __________ more and more trouble with my word-processor, but he (NOT, OFFER) ____________ to help -even though he is supposed to be a computer-whiz. I (REALLY, FED UP) ____________ with this pimply-brained parasite.

(FOR WEEK FOUR- Please hand in at the beginning of class, on a sheet separate from the exercise above. Think of this as another (!) placement test; in other words, just do as much of it as you can. I want to see how much you already know about verbs and conditionals.)

Supply appropriate conjunctions of cause, contrast, concession, and result, and other things as required. Then reformulate the sentences as equivalent conditionals, if possible. (These sentences don't necessarily have much to do with each other, contextually.)

 

1. She called me at work. I have told her ten times not to do that.

2. I hesitated to call her at the hospital. I had no choice.

3. It was an emergency. I called her.

4. Of course I called her -it was an emergency.

5. I would normally just call her secretary. This was an emergency. I dialed her secret direct number.

è however - so

è but - so

è but - since

6. I suppose that she is a good surgeon. I have never been her patient myself.

7. He spent the night at his friend's place _____________ he had had too much carrot juice.

8. He had had too much carrot juice, _____________ he stayed at his friend's place.

9. _____________ she couldn't stand the sight of tofu, she didn't want to offend her friends.

10. She couldn't stand the sight of tofu, _____________ she didn't want to offend her friends.

11. She was especially loth to offend their elders, _____________ they had fed and protected her.

12. Their elders had fed and protected her, _______________ she was especially loth to offend them.

13. She was having second thoughts about putting the horrible, wriggly creature in her mouth, _____________ it was too late, _____________ the people were watching in eager anticipation.

14. She was having second thoughts about eating it. _____________, it was too late to change her mind, _____________ she realized when she saw the people's eager faces.

15. _____________ she had warned them all about her violent allergy to carob, they insisted that she come and partake _____________.

(FOR WEEK FOUR)Write equivalent sentences, using the suggested terms.

1. I can't read Braille, and you can't either.

è neither

è nor

è neither - nor

2. It was incredible enough that the chief should come to the ceremony, and even more so that his crazy sister should come!

è not only - but (too/also/as well)

3. It was incredible enough that the chief should come to the ceremony, and even more so that he should attend the next morning's sacrifice!

è not only - but (too/also/as well)

4. I could move to Baffin, or I could go to Hull. It would be the same.

è either

è whether

5. If you wish to leave, you may go now.

è anyone

è whoever

6. You can send the document any way you like. It comes out the same.

è how

è however

7. It doesn't matter who you send. The secretary will give him the key.

è anyone

è whoever

8. It doesn't matter at all, not one bit.

è any - whatsoever

è no - whatsoever

9. You can do anything with this gizmo!

è what

è whatever

10. I don't know whether you said anything to her, but she is ticked off!

è what

è whatever

11. You can go anywhere you like, and I promise I'll be right behind you.

è where

è wherever

12. His buddy told him the bad news during the coffee break, and later, the boss announced it officially. He wasn't surprised when he heard the boss' announcement,

è because…

è since…

13. I have used this Braille slate since…

14. I have been using this Braille slate ever since…

  1. I have to use this Braille slate, since…
  2. Once she put a piece of deep-fried tofu in her mouth…
  3. Once she had put a piece of deep-fried tofu in her mouth…
  4. Since you use this software every day, …
  5. Since you have been using this software every day, …
  6. Since you have been here, …
  7. Since you have been here before, …

 

 

 

(FOR WEEK THREE) CONJUGATE THE VERBS IN THE FOLLOWING DIALOGUE.

A- Hi, how are you! ______________________(HEAR, YOU) about Julius?

B- No, what ______________________(HAPPEN)?

A- Well, yesterday, while he ______________________(WALK) home from his... well, you know, his "shop"...

B- Yes, yes? Then what?

A- ...a cyclist ______________________(HIT) him from behind. After she ______________________(KNOCK) him over, she ______________________ (FALL) off her bike and ______________________(BREAK) her leg.

B- Son of a gun!! Are you serious? How could she have been so careless? What a turkey! ______________________(DRINK, SHE)?

A- No, but it ______________________ (MODAL OF POSSIBILITY + BE) partly Julius' fault, too. He says that he can remember __________________ (WALK) out into the street, but nothing else. He might have forgotten ______________________(LOOK) both ways before crossing.

B- But what about the cyclist? Why was she in such a hurry?

A- That's another crazy story. Apparently she ______________________(FIND OUT, JUST) that her mother ______________________(COME) to visit her for the weekend, and she wanted to get back to her apartment to "clean up", if you know what I mean!

B- Ha! I can guess!

A- Anyway, both she and Julius are still in hospital.

B- Is there any chance that they will "hit it off"?

A- I think they already have!!

B- Ha-ha, very funny. You know, I ______________________(GO) into town this evening to leave some trophies at poor Julius's shop. I guess I'll go see him in the hospital instead.

A- Sure, that's a good idea. What are friends for, anyway? When you ______________________(SEE) him, will you please give him these books? He told me just the other day that he wanted to read something to take his mind off his work, and that he ______________________(READ, NEVER) anything by Sartre. I'm sure he'll enjoy La nausée and Les mouches.

B- O.K. buddy, no problem. Julius is lucky to have friends like us.

CONJUGATE THE VERBS IN ANY APPROPRIATE WAY:

Yesterday, I (FINISH) ____________ on time. I was very proud, because I (NEVER, FINISH) ____________ on time before in my whole life! Today, I (WORK) ____________ more efficiently than usual. The morning is not over yet, and I (ALREADY, READ) ____________ three articles! Up until recently, I (ALWAYS, ASSUME) ____________ that when you (GET OLD) ____________, your brain stops (WORK) ____________ as well as it used to, but now, I (BELIEVE) ____________ that it is the opposite. Anyway, today, things (GO) ____________ great! I can tell that it (BE) ____________ a very productive week, too. I (FEEL) ____________ more energetic than usual (PREP.) ____________ the doctor (GIVE) ____________ me vitamin B-12 shots every week. I (HAVE) ____________ ten shots by now, and the energy (COME) ____________ out my ears!