Lesson 1

EXERCISE 1, p. 4

  1. Weíre tired. Itís very late.
  2. Itís 10 oíclock. My daughter is in bed now.
  3. My daughter is 10 years .
  4. Linda is 35 years old.
  5. Linda is in Ontario now.
  6. I am hungry.
  7. The weather,s nice. Itís sunny and warm.
  8. She is excited about her trip to Ontario. ( C )
  9. Niagara Falls is in Ontario.


EXERCICE 2, p. 6 Conversation between Sanaz ( who is at Niagara Falls) and Magali (who is in Winnipeg).

Magali : Hello?

Sanaz : Hi. This is Sanaz.

Magali : Hi. Sanaz. How are you? Whatís new? ( C )

Sanaz : Iím fine. I am not at home now. Iím in Niagara Falls.

Magali : Whatís Niagara Falls? Is it a city?

Sanaz : Yes, but it is also a park with a big waterfall in Ontario.

Magali : What kind of place is it ?

Sanaz : Itís a place to have fun. There are a lot of things to do here.

Magali : Oh, I know. Itís a place for photographers. ( C )

Sanaz : Well, itís mostly for photographers, but I am happy here too.

Magali : Are you alone ? ( C )

Sanaz : No, I am not. Itís my sonís birthday. We are here for his birthday.

Magali : How old is your son ?

Sanaz : He is 13 years old now.

Magali : Is your husband with you too ?

Sanaz : No. Just my son. ( C )

Magali : Why isnít your husband with you?

Sanaz : Heís in Winnipeg. He is very busy this week with his work. Anyway, he is not interested in Niagara Falls.

Magali : It is seven oíclock in Winnipeg. What time is it in Ontario?

Sanaz : Itís six in Ontario. ( C )

Magali : Howís the weather? ( C )

Sanaz : It is sunny and warm. Is it warm in Winnipeg?

Magali : No. The weather is terrible. Itís only 100C and rainy. The heat isnít on in my apartment, and I am very cold now. Your lucky to be in Ontario.

Sanaz : Yes, I am. Iíll talk to you next week.

Magali : Itís wonderful to talk to you. Iím very glad you and your son are happy.



  1. Canadians speak English.
  2. The prime minister lives in Ottawa, Ontario.
  3. The prime minister and his family live at 24 Sussex Drive.
  4. Yukon and the Northwest Territories have a small population.
  5. Ontario has a large population.
  6. The prime minister serves for up to five years.
  7. Everyone pays taxes.
  8. The government of Canada gets money form the GST (Goods and Services Tax).
  9. We pay sales tax on the things we buy.
  10. Sometimes Parliament changes the laws.
  11. A new prime minister usually says "I wonít raise taxes."



EXERCICE 5 p. 11

  1. The premier of Ontario lives in Toronto.
  2. The premier doesnít live in Sudbury.

  3. Parliament makes the laws.
  4. The prime minister doesnít make the laws.

  5. Great Britain and Canada have a royal family.
  6. The U.S. doesnít have a royal family.

  7. Ontario and Quebec have a large population.
  8. Yukon and the Northwest Territories donít have a large population.

  9. Canadians like democracy.
  10. They donít like taxes.

  11. The number of representatives depends on the population of the province.
  12. (NOTE : The subject, "number" is a singular noun. It takes a singular verb.)

    Membership in the senate doesnít depend on elections.

  13. Lester B. Pearson High School is a public school. It receives money from provincial taxes.
  14. Upper Canada College is a private school for boys.

    It doesnít receive money from provincial taxes.

  15. We pay tax when we buy gas.
  16. We donít pay tax when we buy medicine.

  17. The prime minister serves for up to five years.
  18. He doesnít serve for six years.

  19. The prime minister and his wife live in Ottawa.

They donít live in Toronto.


EXERCISE 6 p. 12

  1. Japan isnít a big country.
  2. Canadians donít like taxes.
  3. Canadians donít elect senators.
  4. The U.S. doesnít have a prime minister.
  5. Nova Scotia isnít a big province.
  6. Vancouver isnít on the east coast.
  7. The people of Alberta donít pay sales tax.


EXERCISE 7 p. 13

  1. Does New Founland have a large population? No, it doesnít.
  2. Does British Columbia have a sales tax? Yes, it does.
  3. Does the U.S. have a royal family? No, it doesnít
  4. Does the prime minister work in Ottawa? Yes, he does.
  5. Do the members of the house of Commons work in Ottawa? Yes, they do.
  6. Does the Parliament make laws? Yes, it does.
  7. Are Japan and Korea big countries? No they arenít.
  8. Are Winnipeg and Churchill in Alberta? No, they arenít.
  9. Does the Canadian prime minister serve for a six-year term? No he doesnít.
  10. Does the prime minister live in the provincial capital? No, he doesnít
  11. Do you know about the U.S.? Yes I do.
  12. Do most Australians speak English? Yes, they do.


EXERCISE 11 p. 16

  1. How do you spell "senator "?
  2. Why doesnít the U.S. have a royal family?
  3. Where does the prime minister live?
  4. Where does the premier of Manitoba live?
  5. What does pollution mean?
  6. How much does a stamp cost?
  7. How much is Nova Scotiaís sales tax?
  8. What does election mean?
  9. How do we say " government " in Italian?
  10. What does " B.C. "mean?


EXERCICE 12 p. 19

Answers will vary.


EXERCISE 13 p. 19

Answers will vary.


EXERCISE 14 p.20

Answers will vary.


EXERCISE 15 p. 20

Answers will vary.



PART 1 p. 27

  1. How often do they go shopping?
  2. I donít need help. ( C )
  3. Why donít you answer my question?
  4. How many languages does your brother speak?
  5. My brother doesnít like Canadian food.
  6. Who does your sister live with?
  7. She doesnít understand your question. ( C )
  8. She doesnít like pizza.
  9. How do you spell " occasion "?
  10. What does " occasion  " mean "?
  11. How much does the textbook cost?
  12. I am never bored in class.
  13. I never go out at night. ( C )
  14. Do you ever rent a video? Yes, often. ( C )
  15. Does she ever wear jeans? No, never.
  16. Sometimes I donít understand Canadians. ( C )
  17. Why do you often get a haircut?
  18. She writes a letter every other day.
  19. Everyone needs love.


PART 2 p. 28

  1. Marianne knows Ludmila. She doesnít know Sophia.
  2. Canadians smile a lot. Russians donít smile a lot.
  3. Ludmila lives in Canada. Sophia doesnít live in Canada.
  4. Marianne is Canadian. Ludmila isnít Canadian.
  5. You understand some Canadian customs. You donít understand all Canadian customs.
  6. Canadian are strange for Ludmila. Russians arenít strange for Ludmila.
  7. I wait for an answer to " How are you "?. Canadians donít wait for an answer.
  8. Everyone asks questions. Ludmila doesnít ask " How are you? " If sheís not interested in the answer.


PART 3 p. 29

  1. Does Sophia speak Russian? Yes, she does.
  2. Do Marianne and Ludmila live in Russia? No, they dont.
  3. Does Sophia have a Canadian Friend? No, she doesnít.
  4. Is the Canadian smile sincere? Yes, it is. (or no, it isnít).
  5. Do Russians ever ask " How are you "? Yes, sometimes. (or yes, they do sometimes.)
  6. Do you live in Winnipeg? No, I donít.
  7. Are Canadian customs strange for Marianne? No, they arenít.

PART 4 p. 29

  1. How do you spell " Russia "?
  2. Where does Sophia live?
  3. What does " behave " mean?
  4. How do you say " How are you " in Russian?
  5. Why arenít Canadians interested in the answer to the question?
  6. Why doesnít Marianne wait for an answer?
  7. How often does Sophia write to Ludmila?
  8. Why do they divide the cheque in a restaureant?
  9. How many Canadian Friends does Ludmila have?
  10. Why do you pay for your friends in a restaurant?



EXERCISE 1 p. 34

1. She is sitting on the beach.

  1. A man is throwing a Frisbee to a dog.
  2. Why is he playing with his dog?
  3. Why isnít he playing with his friends?
  4. A man is rubbing suntan oil on a womanís back,
  5. Some people are listening to their personal radios.
  6. Iím learning about Canadian customs.
  7. Are you learning about Canadian customs ?
  8. Where is Batoul sitting ?
  9. Where are the children playing ?
  10. Are the mothers paying attention to their children ? No, they arenít.
  11. Why arenít the mothers paying attention to their children ?


EXERCISE 2 p. 35

1. The sun is shining now.

  1. Itís raining now.
  2. Iím writing my answers in my book.
  3. Iím using a pencil to write this exercise.
  4. Weíre doing this exercise together.
  5. The teacher is helping the students with this exercise.
  6. The teacher is wearing a watch.
  7. I am using my dictionary now.
  8. Weíre practising possessive forms now.
  9. I am wearing jeans.
  10. The teacherís standing.
  11. Iím sitting near the door.


EXERCISE 3 p. 36

Answers will vary.


EXERCISE 4 p. 36

Answers will vary.


EXERCISE 5 p. 37

1. Why is Batoul watching Canadians ?

  1. Why isnít Batoul wearing a bathing suit ?
  2. What are some children making ?
  3. Which game is one man playing with his dog ?
  4. How is Batoul learning about Canadian customs ?
  5. Why arenít the mothers paying attention to the children ?
  6. Why is a (the) dog running ?
  7. Why isnít Batoul sitting in the sun ?


EXERCISE 6 p. 39

Oral exercise


EXERCISE 7 p. 39

  1. Is the teacher giving a test ? No, he isnít.
  2. Are the students asking questions? Yes, they are.
  3. Are you using your dictionary ? Yes, I am
  4. Is the teacher explaining the grammar ? No, he isnít.
  5. Are you listening to the teacher ? No, Iím not.
  6. Is the teacher using the chalkboard ? No, she isnít.
  7. Are you writing the answers in your book ? Yes, I am.
  8. Are the students making mistakes ? No, they arenít.
  9. Is the teacher standing in class? No, he isnít.
  10. Are you using a pencil? Yes, I am.


EXERCISE 8 p. 42

1. Batoul is sitting on the beach now.

  1. She usually sits in the shade because she doesnít like the sun. She thinks the sun is bad for the skin.
  2. Batoul doesnít know much about Canadian customs.
  3. Two people on the beach are reading. books. They arenít talking to each other.
  4. Batoul sometimes reads a book at the beach, but now she is writing a letter.
  5. Two men are listening to a radio. Other people hear the loud music, but the men donít care.
  6. Batoul wants to describe Canadian customs to her friend.
  7. Her friend doesnít live in Canada.
  8. Batoul doesnít like some Canadian customs. She thinks that women need to cover their bodies.
  9. People often play Frisbee at the beach.
  10. One man on the beach is playing Frisbee with his dog now.
  11. These women look strange to Batoul.


EXERCISE 9 p. 43

1. When does she like to sit on the beach ?

  1. Why doesnít she like to sit in the sun ?
  2. Why is she very shcoked ?
  3. Who is the man playing Frisbee with ?
  4. Why do the people on the beach seem strange to Batoul?
  5. What is Batoul wearing ?
  6. Why is the sun bad for the skin ?
  7. Where are the children playing?


EXERCISE 10 p. 44 A phone conversation between two friends, Patty (P) and Linda (L).

  1. Not much. Do you want to meet for coffee ?
  1. I canít. Iím cooking. I have dinner in the oven now, and Iím waiting for it to be finished. What are you doing?
  1. Iím studying for a test. But I want to take a break now. Besides, I need to talk to someone. I usually talk to my roommate when I have a problem but she is visiting some friends in Toronto now.
  1. We can talk while I prepare a salad. It sounds like something serious is happening.
  1. My boyfriend and I are planning to get married.
  1. Thatís wonderful! Congratulations!
  1. Thereís one small problem. My parents donít like the idea.
  1. They donít ? Why not ?

(L) Well, as you know, Iím a Christian. And heís a Muslim.

(P) That doesnít matter.

(L) It matters to my family. And to his parents too. We are thinking about getting married without telling our parents.

(P) I donít think thatís such a good idea.

(L) I donít know what else to do.

  1. Iíll call you later and we can talk more about it. I hear my family coming in the door, and dinner is almost ready.

(L) Thanks for listening. Talk to you later.



EXERCISE 11 p. 48

  1. The population of old people will increase. (Various answers)
  2. There will be more older people by the middle of the 21st century
  3. Where will you live when you are old ? (Various answers).


EXERCISE 12 p. 48

  1. The cost of health care is going to go up.
  2. People are going to have higher taxes.
  3. How old are you going to be in the year 2041 ?


EXERCISE 13 p. 49

Newcomer : Howís your grandfather ? (There is sometimes more than one correct answer.

Canadian : Heís OK. Iím going to visit him in his retirement home tomorrow.

Newcomer : Howís he doing?

Canadian : Heís in great health. Next week he is going to go to Banff to play golf.

Newcomer : How old is he ?

Canadian : Heíll be 78 next month. Did I tell you ? In June, he is going to get married to a widow he met in the retirement home

Newcomer : That seems so strange to me. Why is he going to do that ?

Canadian : Why not ? They like each other, and they want to be together.

Newcomer : What will you do when heís no longer able to take care of himself?

Canadian : We never think about it. Heís in such great health that we think heíll be healthy forever. I think heíll outlive us all.

Newcomer : But heíll probably need help as he gets older.

Canadian : Weíll cross that bridge when we come to it. Does your family have plans for your grandparents as they get oldet ?

Newcomer : Theyíll live with us. In my country, parents always live with the oldest son. My father is the oldest of his sisters and brothers. In our country, itís an honour to take care of our parents.

EXERCISE 14 p. 50

Answers will vary.


EXERCISE 15 p. 51

Answers will vary.



PART 1 p.55

  1. He is sitting near the door.
  2. What will you do after you graduate ? (C)
  3. Iím going to buy a new car soon. (C)
  4. Heís listening to the radio. Heís listening to the news.
  5. She is going to leave on Friday. ( C )
  6. Iím going to watch TV tonight.
  7. Iím going to do my homework when I get home.
  8. What are you going to do tonight ?
  9. Iím leaving for Montreal on Friday.
  10. There will be a test on Friday.
  11. I will be studying tonight. (Or, Iím going to study tonight)
  12. If you donít eat dinner, you will be hungry later.
  13. She wonít leave her family. ( C )
  14. If you need something, let me know. Iíll get it for you.
  15. Why wonít you tell me about your problem ? ( C )
  16. Sheís looking at the report. She sees the problem. ( C )


PART 2 p. 56

More than one answer may be possible.

Roxanna : Hi, Nosha.

Nosha : Hi, Roxanna. How are you ?

Roxanna : Fine. What are you doing ?

Nosha : I am packing now. We are moving next Saturday.

Roxanna : Oh, really ? Why ? You have such a lovely apartment now.

Nosha : Yes, I know we do. But Iím going to have a baby in four months, so we need a bigger apartment when the baby arrives.

Roxanna : But your present apartment has an extra bedroom.

Nosha : Yes. But my husband always likes to have an extra room for an office. He usually brings a lot of work home. He needs a place where he can work without noise.

Roxanna : Do you need help with your packing ?

Nosha : Not really. Malek and I are staying home this week to finish the packing. And my mother is helping me now too.

Roxanna : Iíll come over next Saturday to help you move.

Nosha : We are using professional movers on Saturday. We donít want to bother our friends.

Roxanna : Itís no bother. I want to help.

Nosha : Thanks. There probably will be a few things you can help me with on Saturday. I have to go now. I hear my mother. She is calling me. She needs some advice about packing our kitchen supplies. Iíll call you back later.

Roxanna : You donít have to call me back. Iíll see you on Saturday. Bye.


PART 3 p. 57

  1. She isnít talking to her husband.
  2. She isnít going to move to a house.
  3. He doesnít need a big room.
  4. She wonít go tomorrow.


PART 4 p. 57

  1. Is her mother helping her pack ? Yes, she is.
  2. Does her husband work at home ? No, he doesnít.
  3. Does her present apartment have an extra room for the baby ? No, it doesnít.
  4. Will her friends move the furniture ? No, they wonít.
  5. Is her husband staying home this week ? Yes he is.
  6. Is Roxanna going to have a baby ? No, she isnít.


PART 5 p. 58

1. Why are they going to move to a bigger apartment ?

  1. Why does her husband need an extra bedroom ?
  2. Why doesnít she want her friends to help her to move ?
  3. When is she going to have a baby ?
  4. Why is Noshaís mother calling ?
  5. When will they use professional movers ?