MODALS EXERCISES WITH T&M CLUES: COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING DIALOGUE.

M=mother, F=father, D=daughter, C=caller, E=Edwin

D- Mommy, Mommy! 1 ________ I put my shoes in the microwave to dry them off?

M- Yes, dear, you 2 ________, but I 3 (not)________ (160-A) let you.

D- Sorry, I meant to say 4 ' ________ (127) I'.

M- That's right, you 5 ________ always ask for things politely.

D- Well then, 6 ________ (127) I dry off my shoes in the microwave?!

M- I'd really rather you ______(131-C), honey-bunch. I think you 7 ________ (141-A) just leave them on the porch, or put them over the heating vent. They 8 ________ (160-A) be nice and dry by tomorrow.

D- But Daddy said I 9 ________ (129-A) go with him later to Rimbaud's Vidéo-Étron Shoppe on Chemin Saint-Foie.

M- Oh, you 10 ________ (157) mean `Chemin Sainte-Foy'.

D- I guess that means that (you, say) 11 _________ `No', as usual!

M- Darling, I really think you 12 ________ (141-A) stay home and concentrate on your hula-hoop practice. The contest 13 ________(be held) in only one more week.

D- How come (="why") I (never, allow) 14________ (127) to do anything I want to?!

M- If you asked me nicely, I 15 ________ (132-D) think about letting you go. Besides, where is your blasted father, anyway?

D- He 16 ________(go) to the Vidéoétron without me!!!

M- Don't be so sure. Your father 17 ________ (135) be inconsiderate sometimes, and occasionally he 18 ________ (132-C) even forget to buy milk on his way home, or some other little thing, but I 19 ________ (not) imagine him neglecting his little sugar-plum fairy.

(The father walks in very, very silently, and suddenly speaks)

F- Well, bless my heart!

M- YIIKES!! You 20 ________ (138) have let me know you were standing right there! You almost made me jump out of my skin!

F- You're both staring at me like a chicken who has just hatched a duckling!

M- Where's the milk, Harry? You 21 ________ (159-A) have forgotten it, with all the messages and reminders I sent on your beeper (Pagette).

F- Right here, angel-face, the bottle's in my brief-case.

M- Why did you carry it in there? You 22 ________ (133) have broken it!

D- Daddy, Daddy, you promised to rent me a "blood 'n guts"!

F- A blood and WHAT? Now, what on earth 23 _______ that be?!

M- She 24 ________ (135) be referring to one of those horror movies.

F- Or she 25 ________ be trying to tell us what she wants for supper.

D- I want to see the one where the commies are sitting around eating babies for breakfast and Rimbaud jumps into their headquarters with his bazooka blazing and he goes blam! blam! blam! and then the CIA throws atomic hand grenades at him by mistake because he's the good guy and he takes a tennis racket and knocks the hand grenades half-way to Hanoi and then the bad guy's chopper blows up all over the place and...

M- Have you had your calcium supplement today, baby pumpkin?

F- She certainly 26 ________ (159-A) (not, have gotten) enough sleep last night, that much I know just from listening to her.

(The phone rings)

F- Now that 27 ________ (158) (be) my boss! He's been trying to catch me all day. Just say I'm out.

M- No, I 28 ________ (not) answer! It 29 ________ be that bill collector who keeps calling. Just say you're the baby-sitter.

F- With my voice? If it's my boss, he 30 ________ (201) know it's me! If it's your bill collector, he 31 ________ realize that you are avoiding him.

M- Well... if our little sugar-honey-bunch answers, everything 32 ________ be alright. Go ahead, darling. Hurry up and answer! Whoever it is 33 ________ (160-A) be hanging up any minute now. It 34 ________ or 35 ________ (not) be anything to worry about, but we 36 ________ be careful, don't we?

D- Hello..?

Caller- Good evening. 37 ________ (129ff) I please speak with one of your parents?

D- Well -ah -hrum!

C- Are they home?

D- I'm not -er, let me check-

F&M- NO! No-no!

D- They 38 ________ be back pretty soon, er-

F&M- (Furious gesticulations)

D- ...by next week, at the latest...

C- 39 ________ (not, you, be) in bed, young lady?

D- Well, nice talking to you, I 40 ________ go do my homework now! 'Bye!

(The caller hangs up and speaks with his colleague, Edwin)

E- What did she say?

C- She 41 ________ go do her homework.

E- Do you think this is the child who was reported to us?

C- It 42 ________ be her. Those parents of hers 43 ________ be in jail. Imagine- leaving their little girl all alone for days! Her parents 44 ________ be monsters with hearts of stone!

E- She 45 ________ (not) be doing all that badly -her teacher said that she 46 ________ do math in her head.

C- But she 47 ________ (not) tell us where her parents are. I say we have a bona fide case of child neglect.

E- Well, what 48 ________ (we, do)?

C- I haven't decided yet. Wait -I know what to do. I 49 ________ go get a court order, and you 50 ________ go to the house and wait there for me.

E- I -hum. Are you sure you need me for this?

C- Damn it, Edwin, your wife 51 ________ (not) be having another baby already?!

E- No sir, I 52 ________ (not) try to fool you. Actually, she's still waiting for the one I told you about. I think she 53 ________ (see) a specialist tomorrow.

C- Well then, what 54 ________ it be this time?

It's just that I promised to take my little girl somewhere this evening. 55 ________ (not) we take care of this case tomorrow? That would give us more time, and we 56 ________ check this more carefully. After all, we 57 ________ be wrong, you know.

C- If I thought we were wrong, I wouldn't assume that I 58 ________ get a court order, now would I? Remember, the law clearly says that when a minor has been left without parent or guardian, an officer of the court 59 ________ take that child into custody.

E- Well, that's just it, sir- you know what children are these days, especially in abusive situations: naturally, she 60 ________ (not) tell you the whole truth.

C- Yes... I see what you mean. She 61 ________ be speaking under intimidation.

E- Exactly, sir. This 62 ________ be another "Horreur, l'enfant martyre" type of case (NOTE: THIS WAS SUPPOSED TO BE A JOKE). If so, we 63 ________ (future) procede with great caution and collect all of the evidence. You 64 ________ remember that case in 1983, when we 65 ________ start all over because of a technicality!

C- Yes... how 66 ________ I ever forget!

E- Here's what I believe that we 67 ________ (do), then. Tomorrow morning, I 68 ________ (wait) near her house, and when it's time for her to leave for school-

C- Do we know when she normally 69 ________ (leave) for school?

E- No, but it so happens that we do for tomorrow. Her friend's father 70 ________ (come) to pick her up at eight.

C- And what if he 71 ________ (see) you?

E- Ah- he 72 ________ (not) identify me, if there's ever any problem, because tomorrow I 73 __________ (be, wear) dark glasses and a funny mustache.

C- But what 74 __________ (you, say) if he actually stops you and demands to know what you are doing there?

E- In that case, I suppose I 75 ________ (future obligation) tell him.

C- Very well Edwin, you have convinced me. It sounds like a plan that 76 ________ (not) fail. Please don't forget that the deputy minister 77 ________ (come) in tomorrow at 13:00 sharp for the weekly report.

E- I 78 ________ (be) there without fail, sir.

C- Very well, then. By the way, where 79 ________ (take) your little girl tonight?

E- To Rimbaud's Vidéoétron Shoppe. I promised to rent her a "blood 'n guts" for the holidays.

C- That's nice. She 80 ________ (be astonished) when she sees the new shop. I hear it's really something out of this world.

CORRECTION

M=mother, F=father, D=daughter, C=caller, E=Edwin

D- Mommy, Mommy! 1________ CAN I put my shoes in the microwave to dry them off?

M- Yes, dear, you 2 ________ CAN, but I 3 (not)________ WON’T(160-A) let you.

D- Sorry, I meant to say 4 ' ________ MAY (127) I'.

M- That's right, you 5 ________ MUST always ask for things politely.

D- Well then, 6 ________ MAY (127) I dry off my shoes in the microwave?!

M- I'd really rather you ______ DIDN’T (131-C), honey-bunch. I think you 7 ________ OUGHT TO (141-A) just leave them on the porch, or put them over the heating vent. They 8 ________ SHOULD (160-A) be nice and dry by tomorrow.

D- But Daddy said I 9 ________ COULD (129-A) go with him later to Rimbaud's Vidé-Étron Shoppe on Chemin Saint-Foie.

M- Oh, you 10 ________ MUST (157) mean `Chemin Sainte-Foy'.

D- I guess that means that (you, say) 11 _________ ARE GOING TO SAY `No', as usual!

M- Darling, I really think you 12 ________ OUGHT TO (141-A) stay home and concentrate on your hula-hoop practice. The contest 13 ________ IS BEING HELD (be held) in only one more week.

D- How come (="why") I (never, allow) 14________ I AM NEVER ALLOWED (127) to do anything I want to?!

M- If you asked me nicely, I 15 ________ MIGHT (132-D) think about letting you go. Besides, where is your blasted father, anyway?

D- He 16 ________ MUST HAVE GONE (go) to the Vidéoétron without me!!!

M- Don't be so sure. Your father 17 ________ CAN (135) be inconsiderate sometimes, and occasionally he 18 ________ MAY (132-C) even forget to buy milk on his way home, or some other little thing, but I 19 ________ CAN’T (not) imagine him neglecting his little sugar-plum fairy.

(The father walks in very, very silently, and suddenly speaks)

F- Well, bless my heart!

M- YIIKES!! You 20 ________ MIGHT (138) have let me know you were standing right there! You almost made me jump out of my skin!

F- You're both staring at me like a chicken who has just hatched a duckling!

M- Where's the milk, Harry? You 21 ________ COULDN’T (159-A) have forgotten it, with all the messages and reminders I sent on your beeper (Pagette).

F- Right here, angel-face, the bottle's in my brief-case.

M- Why did you carry it in there? You 22 ________ MIGHT / COULD (133) have broken it!

D- Daddy, Daddy, you promised to rent me a "blood 'n guts"!

F- A blood and WHAT? Now, what on earth 23 _______ MIGHT / COULD that be?!

M- She 24 ________ COULD (135) be referring to one of those horror movies.

F- Or she 25 ________ MIGHT be trying to tell us what she wants for supper.

D- I want to see the one where the commies are sitting around eating babies for breakfast and Rimbaud jumps into their headquarters with his bazooka blazing and he goes blam! blam! blam! and then the CIA throws atomic hand grenades at him by mistake because he's the good guy and he takes a tennis racket and knocks the hand grenades half-way to Hanoi and then the bad guy's chopper blows up all over the place and...

M- Have you had your calcium supplement today, baby pumpkin?

F- She certainly 26 ________ COULDN’T HAVE GOTTEN (159-A) (not, have gotten) enough sleep last night, that much I know just from listening to her.

(The phone rings)

F- Now that 27 ________ HAS TO BE (158) (be) my boss! He's been trying to catch me all day. Just say I'm out.

M- No, I 28 ________ CA’T / MUSN’T (not) answer! It 29 ________ MIGHT be that bill collector who keeps calling. Just say you're the baby-sitter.

F- With my voice? If it's my boss, he 30 ________ ‘LL (201) know it's me! If it's your bill collector, he 31 ________ HE’LL realize that you are avoiding him.

M- Well... if our little sugar-honey-bunch answers, everything 32 ________ WILL /SHOULD be alright. Go ahead, darling. Hurry up and answer! Whoever it is 33 ________ WILL (160-A) be hanging up any minute now. It 34 ________ MAY or 35 ________ MAY (not) be anything to worry about, but we 36 ________ DO HAVE TO BE be careful, don't we?

D- Hello..?

Caller- Good evening. 37 ________ MAY (129ff) I please speak with one of your parents?

D- Well -ah -hrum!

C- Are they home?

D- I'm not -er, let me check-

F&M- NO! No-no!

D- They 38 ________ SHOULD be back pretty soon, er-

F&M- (Furious gesticulations)

D- ...by next week, at the latest...

C- 39 ________ SHOULDN’T (not, you, be) in bed, young lady?

D- Well, nice talking to you, I 40 ________ HAVE TO go do my homework now! 'Bye!

(The caller hangs up and speaks with his colleague, Edwin)

E- What did she say?

C- She 41 ________ HAD TO go do her homework.

E- Do you think this is the child who was reported to us?

C- It 42 ________ MUST be her. Those parents of hers 43 ________ SHOUDL BE / OUGHT TO BE PUT be in jail. Imagine- leaving their little girl all alone for days! Her parents 44 ________ MUST be monsters with hearts of stone!

E- She 45 ________ CAN’T (not) be doing all that badly -her teacher said that she 46 ________ CAN / COULD do math in her head.

C- But she 47 ________ CAN’T (not) tell us where her parents are. I say we have a bona fide case of child neglect.

E- Well, what 48 ________ SHALL (we, do)?

C- I haven't decided yet. Wait -I know what to do. I 49 ________ ‘LL go get a court order, and you 50 ________ Æ / ‘LL go to the house and wait there for me.

E- I -hum. Are you sure you need me for this?

C- Damn it, Edwin, your wife 51 ________ CAN’t (not) be having another baby already?!

E- No sir, I 52 ________ WON’T (not) try to fool you. Actually, she's still waiting for the one I told you about. I think she 53 ________ IS SEEING (see) a specialist tomorrow.

C- Well then, what 54 ________ CAN it be this time?

It's just that I promised to take my little girl somewhere this evening. 55 ________ CAN’T (not) we take care of this case tomorrow? That would give us more time, and we 56 ________ WILL BE ABLE TO check this more carefully. After all, we 57 ________ COULD be wrong, you know.

C- If I thought we were wrong, I wouldn't assume that I 58 ________ COULD get a court order, now would I? Remember, the law clearly says that when a minor has been left without parent or guardian, an officer of the court 59 ________ MUST take that child into custody.

E- Well, that's just it, sir- you know what children are these days, especially in abusive situations: naturally, she 60 ________ MAY (not) tell you the whole truth.

C- Yes... I see what you mean. She 61 ________ MIGHT / COULD be speaking under intimidation.

E- Exactly, sir. This 62 ________ COULD be another "Horreur, l'enfant martyre" type of case (NOTE: THIS WAS SUPPOSED TO BE A JOKE). If so, we 63 ________ WILL HAVE TO (future) procede with great caution and collect all of the evidence. You 64 ________ MUST remember that case in 1983, when we 65 ________ HAD TO start all over because of a technicality!

C- Yes... how 66 ________ COULD I ever forget!

E- Here's what I believe that we 67 ________ SHOULD (do), then. Tomorrow morning, I 68 ________ WILL (wait) near her house, and when it's time for her to leave for school-

C- Do we know when she normally 69 ________ LEAVES (leave) for school?

E- No, but it so happens that we do for tomorrow. Her friend's father 70 ________ IS COMING (come) to pick her up at eight.

C- And what if he 71 ________ SEES (see) you?

E- Ah- he 72 ________ WON’t BE ABLE TO (not) identify me, if there's ever any problem, because tomorrow I 73 __________ WILL BE WEARING (be, wear) dark glasses and a funny mustache.

C- But what 74 __________ WILL YOU SAY (you, say) if he actually stops you and demands to know what you are doing there?

E- In that case, I suppose I 75 ________ I WILL HAVE TO (future obligation) tell him.

C- Very well Edwin, you have convinced me. It sounds like a plan that 76 ________ SHOULDN’T / CAN’T (not) fail. Please don't forget that the deputy minister 77 ________ WILL BE COMING (come) in tomorrow at 13:00 sharp for the weekly report.

E- I 78 ________ WILL BE (be) there without fail, sir.

C- Very well, then. By the way, where 79 ________ ARE YOU TAKING (take) your little girl tonight?

E- To Rimbaud's Vidéoétron Shoppe. I promised to rent her a "blood 'n guts" for the holidays.

C- That's nice. She 80 ________ WILL BE (be astonished) when she sees the new shop. I hear it's really something out of this world.

MODALS EXERCISE WITH T&M CLUES: COGITATIONS ON DEATH ROW

My name is Vic. By the end of this month, I 1 _________ (wait)(216-B) six years to be executed. By approximately the same date, Lenny, my neighbor, 2 _________ (complete)(216-B) his tenth year. Lenny always tries to tell me that I 3_________(not, feel)(206-B-1) a thing. I still really don't know how I 4 _________(react)(202-B) when my "number comes up". I suppose we 5 __________ (see) what we 6 __________ (see) (208-B), so to speak. Anyway, how I 7 _________(probably, react)(205-B) is one thing, and how he 8_________(behave)(205-B) when it is his turn is another. I'm just afraid that someone 9 _________ (206-A) start talking again about "individual rights and responsibilities" and so forth- in that case, I swear, I 10 _________ (scream)(205-A). I have already decided to plug my ears so that anybody who wants to preach at me 11 _________ have to do it at the top of their lungs. I have decided that I don't have to listen to this, and I absolutely 12 _______(not)(205-C).

People like Lennie who are full of advice are all the same- full of hot air (=bravado). Believe me, when the guards come to get him, his knees 13 _________ (start)(209-A) to shake like maracas. The new prisoner 14 _________ (stand)(209-B) there looking awkward, waiting for Lenny to empty the cell which, sooner or later, he knows that he himself 15 _________(209-A) to empty. Then, at the last minute, when he 16 _________(be taken) to The Room, he 17 _________ break down and lose every bit of his dignity. I'm not claiming to be brave myself; on the contrary, I know that when the guard comes into my cell with "that look", I 18 _________ (need)(209-A) help standing up, and by the time the warden comes with the priest, I 19 _________ (completely, lose)(216-A) my nerve. But what difference does "nerve" make, anyway? What difference 20 _________ (it, make)(205-D) that prisoner #1234 21 _________ (not eat and drink and read comic books)(214-A) in cell #5678 anymore, and instead, it 22 _________(be)(209-B) prisoner #1235, or #1236, and so on? Who will be impressed if I'm so "cool", that as I am taking my "last walk", I say, "Well, Lenny, I 23 __________ (have)(205-D) my fuse blown a little bit later, so long!"

Of course, like all of the guys here, I like to pretend I'm in control. When the steward comes to take my order for my "last meal", I 24 _________ (say)(205-A) "Oh, good morning George, I 25 _________ (have)(211-B) filet of sole, if you have any fresh", and if he offers me a drink or something to cloud my mind a little, I'll just say, "Thank you, I 26 _________ (not, have) (211-B) any just now"; before leaving, he's likely to say something like, "What 27 _________(208-A) I ask the cook to send you for dessert?", and I'll say something very casual, like, "Oh, I don't know, something short but sweet!" and we will both politely chuckle -at least, in my fantasies, this is how I plan to act. I sometimes even pretend that I'm making arrangements with the executioner, even though I know that's quite impossible. When he comes to the cell, I get up and say, "Well, let's go, 28 _________(208-A) we? I pretend that he's attaching me and preparing me according to my precise instructions for The Big Moment. "Alright, George (it's still "George", in my mind), after you have gotten everything ready, I 29 _________ (collect my thoughts) (214-A) for a minute or two, so please don't go away for too long. You 30 _________ (pull)(214-B) the switch when I give the sign." I imagine his hand trembling as he adjusts the electrodes; he drops one of the metal braces, and I say "Here, 31 I_________ (help)(205-D) you with that." Like a gentleman, you know?

Most of us try to remain as civilized as possible, up until the end. I think I might even start a club of some sort, to help the guys help each other, and to get ready. Lenny, of course, 32 _________ (not, want) (209-F) to play the game unless there's a chance of winning -and there's likely to be none, as you probably realize, at least not for most of us. Oh, sure, I 33 _________ (see)(213) my lawyer again tomorrow, and I 34_________ (see)(213) that rat-face on and off during the next few months -or years, or however long it takes him to exhaust my appeals. When they finally make up their minds, "up there", I 35 _________ (have) (209-D) time for that last snack, and that's it. No appeal -and probably not much appetite, either. It will be just like in the movies, I guess, except that I won't be there to enjoy this one: during that brief moment when the lights go down, I 36 _________ (leave)(212) the "theatre" through a special exit.

 

CORRECTION

My name is Vic. By the end of this month, I 1 WILL HAVE WAITED / BEEN WAITING _________ (wait)(216-B) six years to be executed. By approximately the same date, Lenny, my neighbor, 2 WILL HAVE COMPLETED_________ (complete)(216-B) his tenth year. Lenny always tries to tell me that I 3 WON’T _________(not, feel)(206-B-1) a thing. I still really don't know how I 4 AM GOING TO REACT _________(react)(202-B) when my "number comes up". I suppose we 5 SHALL __________ (see) what we 6 SHALL __________ (see) (208-B), so to speak. Anyway, how I 7 WILL PROBABLY REACT _________(probably, react)(205-B) is one thing, and how he 8 IS GOING TO BEHAVE _________(behave)(205-B) when it is his turn is another. I'm just afraid that someone 9 IS GOING TO _________ (206-A) start talking again about "individual rights and responsibilities" and so forth- in that case, I swear, I 10 AM GOING TO SCREAM _________ (scream)(205-A). I have already decided to plug my ears so that anybody who wants to preach at me 11 WILL _________ have to do it at the top of their lungs. I have decided that I don't have to listen to this, and I absolutely 12 WON’T _______(not)(205-C).

People like Lennie who are full of advice are all the same- full of hot air (=bravado). Believe me, when the guards come to get him, his knees 13 ARE GOING TO START _________ (start)(209-A) to shake like maracas. The new prisoner 14 WILL BE STANDING _________ (stand)(209-B) there looking awkward, waiting for Lenny to empty the cell which, sooner or later, he knows that he himself 15 IS GOING TO _________(209-A) to empty. Then, at the last minute, when he 16 IS BEING TAKEN _________(be taken) to The Room, he 17 WILL _________ break down and lose every bit of his dignity. I'm not claiming to be brave myself; on the contrary, I know that when the guard comes into my cell with "that look", I 18 AM GOING TO NEED _________ (need)(209-A) help standing up, and by the time the warden comes with the priest, I 19 WILL HAVE COMPLETELY LOST_________ (completely, lose)(216-A) my nerve. But what difference does "nerve" make, anyway? What difference 20 WILL _________ (it, make)(205-D) that prisoner #1234 21 WON’T BE EATING AND DRINKING AND READING _________ (not eat and drink and read comic books)(214-A) in cell #5678 anymore, and instead, it 22 WILL _________(be)(209-B) prisoner #1235, or #1236, and so on? Who will be impressed if I'm so "cool", that as I am taking my "last walk", I say, "Well, Lenny, I 23 ‘LL BE HAVING __________ (have)(205-D) my fuse blown a little bit later, so long!"

Of course, like all of the guys here, I like to pretend I'm in control. When the steward comes to take my order for my "last meal", I 24 ‘LL SAY / ‘M GOING TO SAY_________ (say)(205-A) "Oh, good morning George, I 25 ‘LL _________ (have)(211-B) filet of sole, if you have any fresh", and if he offers me a drink or something to cloud my mind a little, I'll just say, "Thank you, I 26 WON’T BE HAVING_________ (not, have) (211-B) any just now"; before leaving, he's likely to say something like, "What 27 SHALL _________(208-A) I ask the cook to send you for dessert?", and I'll say something very casual, like, "Oh, I don't know, something short but sweet!" and we will both politely chuckle -at least, in my fantasies, this is how I plan to act. I sometimes even pretend that I'm making arrangements with the executioner, even though I know that's quite impossible. When he comes to the cell, I get up and say, "Well, let's go, 28 SHALL _________(208-A) we? I pretend that he's attaching me and preparing me according to my precise instructions for The Big Moment. "Alright, George (it's still "George", in my mind), after you have gotten everything ready, I 29 ‘LL BE COLLECTING MY THOUGHTS _________ (collect my thoughts) (214-A) for a minute or two, so please don't go away for too long. You 30 WILL_________ (pull)(214-B) the switch when I give the sign." I imagine his hand trembling as he adjusts the electrodes; he drops one of the metal braces, and I say "Here, 31 I ‘LL_________ (help)(205-D) you with that." Like a gentleman, you know?

Most of us try to remain as civilized as possible, up until the end. I think I might even start a club of some sort, to help the guys help each other, and to get ready. Lenny, of course, 32 WON’T _________ (not, want) (209-F) to play the game unless there's a chance of winning -and there's likely to be none, as you probably realize, at least not for most of us. Oh, sure, I 33 ‘M SEEING_________ (see)(213) my lawyer again tomorrow, and I 34 WILL BE SEEING _________ (see)(213) that rat-face on and off during the next few months -or years, or however long it takes him to exhaust my appeals. When they finally make up their minds, "up there", I 35 WILL HAVE _________ (have) (209-D) time for that last snack, and that's it. No appeal -and probably not much appetite, either. It will be just like in the movies, I guess, except that I won't be there to enjoy this one: during that brief moment when the lights go down, I 36 WILL BE LEAVING _________ (leave)(212) the "theatre" through a special exit.