Chicken-hips", p.195; "Pulling together", p.246; "Song of my condo", p.274

 

THING OR "DOER"

ABSTRACT NOUN

VERB

ADJECTIVE

ADVERB

document

documentary

Documentation

Document

(un)documented

 

 

body

Body

embodiment

(dis)embody

bodily

(dis)embodied

Bodily

 

 

Awareness

wariness

beware!

to beware

to be aware

to be wary

aware

wary

Warily

 

 

Approval

Approve

(un)approved

(dis)approving

(dis)approvingly

impression

Impression

Impress

(un)impressive

impressionable

(un)impressed

(un)impressively

pronouncement

Pronunciation

Pronounce

(un)pronounceable

pronounced

pronouncedly

flatterer

Flattery

Flatter

(un)flattered

(un)flattering

(un)flatteringly

stressor

Stress

Stress

(un)stressed

(un)stressful

stressed out

(un)stressfully

heart

Heart

heartiness

take heart

(dis)heartened

(dis)heartening

hearty

heartful

heartfelt

Heartily

heartfully

semblance

Seemliness

Seem

Seeming

(un)seemly

Seemingly

 

 

Denial

Deny

Undeniable

(un)denied

Undeniably

admirer

Admiration

Admire

Admirable

Admired

Admiring

Admirably

admiringly

beneficiary

Benefit

Benefit

Beneficial

Beneficially

 

 

Dread

Dread

Dreaded

Dreadful

Dreadfully

lover

Love

Love

Beloved

Loving

Lovingly

 

 

Bewilderment

Bewilder

Bewildered

Bewildering

Bewilderingly

 

 

Dismay

Dismay

(un)dismayed

dismaying

Dismayedly

dismayingly

lure

allure, lure

Lure

Alluring

Alluringly

belonging(s)

Belonging

Belong

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intention

Intend

(un)intended

(un)intentional

(un)intentionally

successor

Success

succession

Succeed

(un)successful

successive

(un)successfully

successively

 

 

(just) deserts

Deserve

Deserved

Deserving

Deservedly

deservingly?

 

 

Bereavement

to be bereaved

Bereft

Bereaved

 

 

 

 

Decision

(un)decideability

Decide

Undecided

(un)decidedly

purchaser

purchase

purchasing

Purchase

(un)purchased

purchasing?

 

 

Complete the two-part verbs and invent an example sentence for each.

TO DESPERATELY DESIRE = TO LONG…FOR: She longed for the touch of his hand.

TO BE INFERIOR TO… = TO FALL…SHORT OF: The results fell far short of her expectations.

(FOR A SUPPLY) TO BE EXHAUSTED = TO RUN…OUT OF: She ran out of patience. Her patience ran out.

TO GAIN WEIGHT = TO FATTEN…UP: For three months, the cannibals diligently fattened up the anthropologist. After a while, he fattened up nicely.

TO COOPERATE = TO PULL…TOGETHER: "We can make a big pile of bucks if we all pull together as a team." (Heard in a junior high school cafeteria.)

TO BE MUTUALLY BINDING = (FOR SOMETHING TO) GO…

TO CONTRIBUTE ONE'S TIME AND EFFORT = TO PITCH…IN: Let's all pitch in to make our photography club reputable again.

TO BE RAISED (IN A PLACE) = TO BE BROUGHT…UP: I was brought up in Peaknuckles, Nebraska. I was brought up on ranching and head-hunting. I was brought up trapping and eating possums. I was brought up to take care of myself in the woods.

TO LIVE AND EXPERIENCE = TO GO…THROUGH: You don't know what I went through after she left me with all of those trophies to finish cleaning, stuffing, and varnishing all by myself. You just don't know what I've been through.

TO WORRY INTENSELY ABOUT SOMETHING = TO AGONIZE…OVER: Instead of agonizing over every little detail of her grooming for tonight's party, she should give at least a thought to other important things, like cleaning up the dissection table when she's finished.

Supply the missing "particle" for the "two-part" verb, and compose an example sentence. A synonymous expression is provided.

(TO BE ASTONISHED) >>> TO NOT BE ABLE TO GET_____

 

(TO DISCARD STHG., TO DISPOSE OF STHG.) >>> GET_____

 

(TO SUCCEED) >>> WORK_____

 

(TO USE AN AS-YET UNPURCHASED PRODUCT) >>> TRY_____

 

(TO PUT ON AN AS-YET UNPURCHASED ITEM OF CLOTHING) >>> TRY_____

 

(TO IMAGINE A SOLUTION OR NOVEL IDEA) >>> THINK_____

 

(TO TOLERATE STHG.) >>> PUT_____

 

(TO BE EXTREMELY INVOLVED IN STHG) >>> WRAP_____

 

(TO DISPLAY ONESELF OR ONE'S ABILITIES, SOLELY TO ATTRACT

ATTENTION) >>> SHOW_____

 

(TO REJECT SOMEONE'S OFFER OR REQUEST) >>> TURN_____

 

SUGESTED CORRECTIONS.

(TO BE ASTONISHED) >>> TO NOT BE ABLE TO GET_____

I COULDN’T GET OVER HOW FAT MY SISTER HAD GOTTEN SINCE HER NEAR-MARRIAGE.

(TO DISCARD STHG., TO DISPOSE OF STHG.) >>> GET_____

SHE SAID THAT SHE HADN’T YET GOTTEN RID OF HER OLD "SKINNY" CLOTHES.

(TO SUCCEED) >>> WORK_____

SHE HAD BEEN TRYING A VERSION OF THE "LIBERACE WATERMELON DIET", BUT IT HADN’T WORKED (OUT) FOR HER, NO BETTER THAN HER WEDDING PLANS HAD WORKED OUT.

(TO USE AN AS-YET UNPURCHASED PRODUCT) >>> TRY_____

HER STUPID SELFISH BOYFRIEND PROBABLY JUST WANTED TO TRY HER OUT, THE WAY YOU TAKE A NEW CAR FOR A TEST-DRIVE.

(TO PUT ON AN AS-YET UNPURCHASED ITEM OF CLOTHING) >>> TRY_____

THIS ISN’T EVEN SERIOUS EXPERIMENTATION: IT’S LIKE TRYING ON A PAIR OF SHOES.

(TO IMAGINE A SOLUTION OR NOVEL IDEA) >>> THINK_____

WE REALLY MUST PUT OUR HEADS TOGETHER AND THINK UP A FITTING PUNISHMENT FOR HIM.

(TO TOLERATE STHG.) >>> PUT_____

THERE IS NO REASON TO PUT UP WITH SUCH INSULT, EXPLOITATION, AND ABUSE.

(TO BE EXTREMELY INVOLVED IN STHG) >>> WRAP_____

I HAVE BEEN SO WRAPPED UP IN THESE THOUGHT OF REVENGE THAT I COMPLETELY FORGOT TO RENEW MY COMIC-BOOK-OF-THE-MONTH-CLUB SUBSCRIPTION.

(TO DISPLAY ONESELF OR ONE'S ABILITIES, SOLELY TO ATTRACT

ATTENTION) >>> SHOW_____

I ALWAYS LEAVE THE LATEST ISSUES ON THE COFFE-TABLE TO SHOW OFF MY CULTURE AND TASTE TO VISITORS.

(TO REJECT SOMEONE'S OFFER OR REQUEST) >>> TURN_____

I ONCE OFFERED TO CONTRIBUTE MY OWN STRIP FOR FREE, ENTITLED "THE ADVENTURES OF GRETA GOPHERITT", BUT IT WAS TURNED DOWN.

 

Conjugate appropriately.

My dermatologist's office is next door. I (walk) ____________ there many times. I (almost, never, take) ____________a taxi.

I'm tired. We (play) ____________ left-handed tennis for hours. Let's play right-handed for a while.

We started playing at eight a.m., and if we keep on like this, by noon we (play) ____________ left-handed for four hours!

Dr. Frankenstein (be) ____________ our head of research for fifteen years now.

Dr. Frankenstein (be) ____________ our head of research for fifteen years this year.

Dr. Frankenstein (be) ____________ our head of research for fifteen years when he died.

Dr. Frankenstein (be) ____________ our head of research for at least another fifteen years.

By the time I (earn) ____________ my degree, Dr. Frankenstein will have been our head of research for fifteen years.

By the time I (earn) ____________ my degree, Dr. Frankenstein had been our head of research for fifteen years.

I (explain) ____________ the facts of life to you over and over again! When will you understand?

I (read) ____________ for three hours, and I only have fifteen pages left!

I (read) ____________ for three hours, and I suddenly realized that I only had fifteen pages left!

If I (read on) ____________ for another three hours, I (modal, have) ____________ only about fifteen pages left.

When I (have) ____________ fifteen or so pages left, I’ll stop for a while.

By my bed-time last night, I (read) ____________ for three hours.

By my bed-time last night, I (read) ____________ at least fifteen pages.

How long (you, have) _____________ ear damage?

For how long (you, have) ____________ ear damage?

For how long after the Vandals in Sandals concert (you have) _____________ ear damage?

I (experience) ____________ constant emotional and digestive difficulties since the concert last year.

If I (take) ____________ your advice yesterday, I (be) ____________ rich today!

If I (be) ____________ you, I (not, put) ____________ my finger in that hole.

 

SUGGESTED CORRECTIONS.

My dermatologist's office is next door. I (walk) HAVE WALKED there many times. I (almost, never, take) ALMOST NEVER TAKE a taxi.

I'm tired. We (play) HAVE BEEN PLAYING left-handed tennis for hours. Let's play right-handed for a while.

We started playing at eight a.m., and if we keep on like this, by noon we (play) WILL HAVE BEEN PLAYING / WILL HAVE PLAYED left-handed for four hours!

Dr. Frankenstein (be) HAS BEEN our head of research for fifteen years now.

Dr. Frankenstein (be) WILL HAVE BEEN our head of research for fifteen years this year.

Dr. Frankenstein (be) HAD BEEN our head of research for fifteen years when he died.

Dr. Frankenstein (be) WILL BE our head of research for at least another fifteen years.

By the time I (earn) EARN my degree, Dr. Frankenstein will have been our head of research for fifteen years.

By the time I (earn) HAD EARNED my degree, Dr. Frankenstein had been our head of research for fifteen years.

I (explain) HAVE EXPLAINED the facts of life to you over and over again! When will you understand?

I (read) HAVE BEEN READING for three hours, and I only have fifteen pages left!

I (read) HAD BEEN READING for three hours, and I suddenly realized that I only had fifteen pages left!

If I (read on) READ ON for another three hours, I (modal, have) SHOULD HAVE only about fifteen pages left.

When I (have) HAVE fifteen or so pages left, I’ll stop for a while.

By my bed-time last night, I (read) HAD READ / HAD BEEN READING for three hours.

By my bed-time last night, I (read) HAD READ at least fifteen pages.

How long (you, have) HAVE YOU HAD ear damage?

For how long (you, have) HAVE YOU BEEN HAVING ear damage? [NOTE: THIS SUGGESTS THAT THE DAMAGE IS ONGOING, NOT A PUNCTUAL INJURY]

For how long after the Vandals in Sandals concert (you have) DID YOU HAVE ear damage?

I (experience) HAVE EXPERIENCED / HAVE BEEN EXPERIENCING constant emotional and digestive difficulties since the concert last year.

If I (take) HAD TAKEN your advice yesterday, I (be) WOULD BE rich today!

If I (be) WERE you, I (not, put) WOULD NOT PUT my finger in that hole.

Conjugate the verbs. In context, there should be one PREFERRED form, even though there may be more than one possibility. Be sure to order the verbs, auxilliaries and adverbs correctly.

TALE OF A VILLAGE

Last year, like every summer, our village (TRY) _______________ to save the nearby river, which, by that time, (BLOCKED UP COMPLETELY) _______________ at least three times. We (HAVE) _______________ no luck convincing the local military contingent that we (NOT, BE) _______________ inspired to do this work by revolutionaries or dissidents. Naturally, we (JUST, WANT) _______________ them to stop throwing chemical, radioactive, and human waste into our river so that we (MODAL OF ABILITY) _______________ take regular baths and catch alligators for supper. In previous years, similar attempts to convince the Captain (FAIL) _______________. Then, one day, we (REALIZE) _______________ that by the time we (CONVINCE) _______________ him, the entire village (BE) _______________ destroyed by disease or poisoning. Because of my age and musculature, I (CHOSE) _______________ by the others to speak to this monster. I said, "Honorable sir, our elders and wise men (CALCULATE) _______________ that by the year 2001, our children (DIE) _______________ at the rate of one or more per week, and our wives (NO LONGER, VERB OF ABILITY) _______________ nurse their babies. Furthermore, it is certain that all of our farm animals (DIE) long before then." Before I (MODAL OF ABILITY) _______________ say any more than that, he (ALREADY, HAVE) _______________ enough. "Why you ignorant people (CONSTANTLY, BOTHER) _______________ me about all your emotional and cultural problems? Leave me alone now, I (TRY) _______________ all week to guess the winning numbers for tonight's lottery, and you (DISTRACT) _______________ me."

 

SUGGESTED CORRECTIONS

Last year, like every summer, our village TRIED to save the nearby river, which, by that time, HAD BLOCKED UP COMPLETELY at least three times. We HAD HAD / HAD BEEN HAVING no luck convincing the local military contingent that we HAD NOT BEEN INSPIRED / WERE NOT BEING ENCOURAGED to do this work by revolutionaries or dissidents. Naturally, we JUST WANTED them to stop throwing chemical, radioactive, and human waste into our river so that we COULD TAKE / WOULD BE ABLE TO TAKE regular baths and catch alligators for supper. In previous years, similar attempts to convince the Captain HAD FAILED. Then, one day, we REALIZED that by the time we HAD CONVINCED him, the entire village WOULD HAVE BEEN destroyed by disease or poisoning. Because of my age and musculature, I WAS CHOSEN by the others to speak to this monster. I said, "Honorable sir, our elders and wise men CALCULATE / HAVE CALCULATED that by the year 2001, our children WILL BE DYING at the rate of one or more per week, and our wives WILL NO LONGER BE ABLE TO nurse their babies. Furthermore, it is certain that all of our farm animals WILL HAVE DIED OFF long before then." Before I WAS ABLE TO / COULD / HAD THE CHANCE TO say any more than that, he HAD ALREADY HAD enough. "Why ARE you ignorant people CONSTANTLY BOTHERING me about all your emotional and cultural problems? Leave me alone now, I HAVE BEEN TRYING all week to guess the winning numbers for tonight's lottery, and you ARE DISTRACTING / HAVE DISTRACTED me."

 

Create sentences which contain the following time expressions.

CONSTANTLY FOR ANOTHER MONTH

FOUR OR FIVE TIMES THIS WEEK

SEVERAL MORE TIMES BY NEXT WEEK

SINCE YOUR MOTHER HAS BEEN HERE

BY THE TIME HE FINISHES HIS THESIS

AT LEAST THREE TIMES SO FAR

ALMOST CONSTANTLY FROM NOW ON

FOR SOME TIME BY THEN

IN ANOTHER HOUR OR TWO

SUGGESTED CORRECTIONS

I will be correcting these things CONSTANTLY FOR ANOTHER MONTH

I have had to write up correction keys FOUR OR FIVE TIMES THIS WEEK

I will have done this same chore SEVERAL MORE TIMES BY NEXT WEEK

You have been acting like a juvenile SINCE YOUR MOTHER HAS BEEN HERE

He will have forgotten even his own name BY THE TIME HE FINISHES HIS THESIS

I have written to the Ministry of Leisure and Finance AT LEAST THREE TIMES SO FAR

I will have to take these !!*! pills ALMOST CONSTANTLY FROM NOW ON

I will have been practicing FOR SOME TIME BY THEN

I expect to finish / to have finished mounting these trophies IN ANOTHER HOUR OR TWO

Create sentences containing the following expressions.

UNTIL OLGA HAS A BABY

UNLESS OLGA HAS A BABY

SINCE YOU ARE LEAVING ANYWAY

SINCE YOU LEFT, ANYWAY

ONCE SHE HAD PUT IT OUT TO DRY

ONCE, SHE HAD PUT ONE OUT TO DRY

SEVERAL TIMES SO FAR

FOR SOME TIME ALREADY

FROM THE WAY HE WALKS

FROM THE TIME HE WALKS

AT LEAST OCCASIONALLY FROM NOW ON

BY 1945

BY 2001

SUGGESTED CORRECTIONS

We won't be able to declare for dependents UNTIL OLGA HAS A BABY.

We don't have any other family, so we really won't be able to declare for dependents UNLESS OLGA HAS A BABY.

There's no point in cleaning you apartment so fanatically SINCE YOU ARE LEAVING ANYWAY.

There haven't been any complaints about indecent noise levels, not SINCE YOU LEFT, ANYWAY.

ONCE SHE HAD PUT IT OUT TO DRY she forgot about it completely.

ONCE, SHE HAD PUT ONE OUT TO DRY and some big ugly grackle came and made a mess on it.

Grackles have soiled and spoiled her laundry SEVERAL TIMES SO FAR.

She has been thinking of some other way to dry her clothes FOR SOME TIME ALREADY.

You can tell that his jeans aren't quite dry FROM THE WAY HE WALKS.

FROM THE TIME HE WALKS to the store until he gets back should be long enough for his jeans to dry out properly.

Now that Olga has a baby on the way, we should offer to do some of the laundry for her AT LEAST OCCASIONALLY FROM NOW ON.

BY 1945, the shooting war had ended and the cold one was just beginning.

BY 2010, the cold war will have been effectively over for one full generation, and others may well be then being fought / may well then be in progress.

Answer with the appropriate inverted forms.

Q: Do you make friends at school?

A: (ONLY OCCASIONALLY)

Q: Surely you have them for supper sometimes, don’t you?

A: (SELDOM)

Q: Do you serve steam-baked "apples", or lizard curry?

A: (RARELY, NOR)

Q: After your parties, do they ever require medical attention or have to call 911?

A: (HARDLY EVER)

SUGGESTED CORRECTIONS

Q: Do you make friends at school?

A: ONLY OCCASIONALLY do I make friends at school.

Q: Surely you have them for supper sometimes, don’t you?

A: SELDOM do I have them for supper.

Q: Do you serve steam-baked "apples", or lizard curry?

A: Rarely do I serve steam-baked apples, nor do I serve lizard curry!

Q: After your parties, do they ever require medical attention or have to call 911?

A: HARDLY EVER does anyone require medical attention or have to call 911.