THE MAN ON THE BEACH: SUGGESTED ANSWERS
1. The man looks like... A LUNATIC / HE IS HAVING FUN / HAS LOST HIS WATCH IN THE SAND
2. The man looks as though...HE WERE A LUNATIC / HE WERE LOOKING FOR SOMETHING / HE HAD LOST SOMETHING
3. His body is all folded up, as if he...HAD ECTOPLASMIC RHEUMATISM / WERE TRYING TO SCRATCH HIS HEAD WITH HIS FOOT / HAD LOST HIS SKELETON
4. When we found him, his body was all folded up, as though he...HAD RHEUMATISM / ETC.
5. He seems to be having difficulty...CLEANING HIS EARS WITH HIS BIG TOE
6. I suppose he (MODAL + «LOSE HIS WATCH ON THE BEACH») MIGHT/MUST HAVE LOST HIS WATCH
7. I don’t think he can get up. Maybe he (MODAL + «WAIT FOR HELP») SHOULD / HAD BETTER WAIT FOR HELP
8. He may be («FEEL COLD AND LONELY») FEELING COLD AND LONELY
9. Look at how his nose is in the sand! He (MODAL + NOT + CAN + BREATHE) MUST NOT BE ABLE TO BREATHE
10. Last night, when he went for a walk on the beach, he (MODAL + «GET LOST») MAY / MUST / MIGHT HAVE GOTTEN LOST , or perhaps he just got too tired to continue.
11. I conclude that when he went for a walk last night on the beach, he (MODAL + «GET LOST AND GET TIRED OF WALKING») MUST HAVE GOTTEN LOST AND GOT TIRED / MUST HAVE GOTTEN TIRED...
12. This probably happened just after supper yesterday. He (MODAL, «NOT», «WATCH WHERE HE IS GOING») MUST NOT HAVE BEEN WATCHING WHERE HE WAS GOING
13. Tomorrow, when his mother comes looking for him, she (MODAL, «USE A SHOVEL TO GET HIM OUT») WILL PROBABLY HAVE TO USE A SHOVEL...
14. Last night, she didn’t notice that he hadn’t come home. She (MODAL + «PAY MORE ATTENTION LAST NIGHT») SHOULD HAVE PAID / HAVE BEEN PAYING...
15. Really! She didn’t even notice. She (MODAL + «PLAY WITH HER SHRUNKEN HEAD COLLECTION») MAY / MUST HAVE BEEN PLAYING...
16. And what about right now? She (MODAL + «WORRY ABOUT HIM») MUST BE WORRIED / WORRYING...
17. Yes, indeed, now she’s terribly worried. I’m sure that right now she (MODAL + «THINK») MUST BE THINKING that she (MODAL + «CALL THE POLICE LAST NIGHT») SHOULD HAVE CALLED THE POLICE...
SIMPLIFIED CORRECTION KEY
“The Man on the Beach”
1. like a (noun)
2. as though he were a (noun) / as though he were (adjective) / as though he were (continuous verb) / as though he had a (noun) / as though he had (done something)
3. as if he had been (past participle) / had (past participle)
4. as though he were (present / past participle) / had (past participle)
5. difficulty (gerund)
6. he must have lost his watch on the beach
7. maybe he should wait for help
8. he may be feeling cold and lonely
9. he must not be able to breathe
10. he may / must have gotten lost
11. he must have gotten lost, and got tired of walking
12. he may / might / must not have been watching where he was going
13. she will have to use a shovel to get him out
14. she should have paid / been paying more attention last night
15. she must have been playing with her shrunken head collection
16. she must be worried / worrying about him
17. she must be thinking that she should have called the police last night
SUGGESTED CORRECTIONS: MODALS AND FUTURES, A SUSPICIOUS CONVERSATION AT THE MINISTRY
Krotchett:- Excuse me, Dr. Graubish, you MUST/HAVE TO sign here so that I CAN/MAY take the documents out of the building and destroy them.
Graubish:- You NEEDN’T/DON’T HAVE TO/WON’T HAVE TO bother destroying anything more, Ms. Krotchett. Certainly, the media MUST/OUGHT TO know all about the documents by now. In fact, those reporters MAY very well know a thing or two about this scandal that even we don't!
Krotchett: -What SHOULD/MUST I do with the ones you gave me this morning, sir?
Graubish: -Maybe you (NEGATIVE + MODAL) SHOULDN’T burn them yet. It MIGHT/COULD/WOULD look suspicious for us to be doing that just now. Where are they? Somewhere safe, I suppose?
Krotchett: -I left them in a box near the incinerator, sir.
Graubish: -Near the- WHAT?!!
Krotchett: -I was pretty sure -I mean, it seemed to me the kind of hiding place you would have chosen. You know, "hidden in plain sight"?
Graubish: -Good Lord, what makes you think I WOULD/MIGHT leave them there, of all places? That area is open to any prying Tom, Dick, and Harry -and to reporters!
Krotchett: -You (MODAL, CONCERN) NEEDN’T BE CONCERNED, Doctor. It looks just like the rest of the garbage.
Graubish: -Now THAT truly reassures me! By the way, pretty soon, you (NEGATIVE, MODAL) HAVE TO/BE HAVING TO call me "sir" or "Doctor" anymore -at least, not after the Ministry's inspectors get their hands on that particular box. I think you HAD BETTER go down and retrieve it immediately, or else you and I (MODAL, HAVE) MAY BE HAVING our next private conversation at the Manpower office -or in "the Big House"!!
Krotchett: -Up until this morning, I (MODAL, GO DOWN) COULD GO DOWN to the incinerator without any special pass, but now, with the new security policy...
Graubish: -Alright, then, if you can't do it, I (MODAL OF OBLIGATION) I WILL HAVE TO take care of it. If the guards respect my authority, I (POSSIBILITY, ABILITY) SHOULD/MIGHT/MAY BE ABLE TO do it myself.
Krotchett: -But- Doctor- Doctor- it's SUCH a dangerous thing for a tall, strong, handsome man like you to do... MAY I go instead? Please? Pretty-please-with-sugar-on-it??!
Graubish: -(POLITE REFUSAL) IT WOULD BE BETTER NOT, THAT YOU DIDN’T/PERHAPS YOU SHOULDN’T/YOU HAD BETTER NOT
[Ms. Krotchett speaks to herself]
Krotchett: -Damn %&@! When he goes down there and CAN’T find the box, he will be furious! What if he guesses that I'm the one who gave it to the reporters and "leaked" the story to the media?
[Graubish returns, furious]
Graubish: -Ms. Krotchett, you HAD BETTER / MUST (ACCENTUATED) have a good explanation for this!
Create sentences containing the following time expressions, and insert one or more of these phrases:
[THREE OR FOUR TIMES]
[ALL OF THE TIME]
[FOR SEVERAL MINUTES]
1. [SINCE HE STARTED CHEWING GARLIC BUDS IN PUBLIC]
2. [EVER SINCE HE STARTED CHEWING GARLIC BUDS IN PUBLIC]
3. [BEFORE HE FINALLY GOT TO THE DOOR]
4. [BEFORE HE FINALLY INSTALLED THAT DOOR]
5. [WHILE WATCHING HIS SISTER’S DENTAL SURGERY]
1. [SINCE HE STARTED CHEWING GARLIC BUDS IN PUBLIC] HE HAS KNOCKED HIMSELF UNCONSCIOUS THREE OR FOUR TIMES.
2. [EVER SINCE HE STARTED CHEWING GARLIC BUDS IN PUBLIC] HE HAS BEEN CALLING HIS MOTHER AND TAKING LONG NAPS ALL OF THE TIME.
3. [BEFORE HE FINALLY GOT TO THE DOOR] HE SHOOK HANDS WITH THE CROWD FOR SEVERAL MINUTES AND RETURNED TO BOW THREE OR FOR TIMES.
4. [BEFORE HE FINALLY INSTALLED THAT DOOR] HE WAS CHASING FLIES OUT ALL OF THE TIME / HE WAS ROBBED THREE OR FOUR TIMES / HE PLAYED WITH THE ELECTRIC DRILL FOR SEVERAL MINUTES
5. [WHILE WATCHING HIS SISTER’S DENTAL SURGERY] HE KEPT MAKING INDECENT LITTLE NOISES ALL THE TIME / HE PASSED OUT THREE OR FOUR TIMES / HE PASSED OUT FOR SEVERAL MINUTES